Company Law

The concept of Limited Liability Company was first legislated in the United Kingdom in 1855. Its purpose is to separate the legal identity of the Company from the personal identity of its shareholders, by the creation of a separate corporate and legal identity allowing the owners not to be personally liable from their personal assets for the liabilities of the Company.

These are the country's statutes: in the US, usually the Delaware General Corporation Law in the UK, the Companies Act 2006 in Germany, the Gesetz betreffend die Gesellschaften mit beschränkter Haftung (GmbH-Gesetz, GmbHG). Most US corporations incorporate under the Model Business Corporation Act.

Company law deals with companies that are incorporated or registered under the company law of a sovereign state. The three defining characteristics of the modern corporation are:

  • Separate legal personality : access to tort and contract law in a manner similar to a person
  • Limited Liability : a shareholder's personal liability is limited to the value of their shares in the corporation
  • Directors : day-to-day management of the company
Anguilla Anguilla Companies Act - Chapter 65
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua Companies Act International Business Corporation Act - Chapter 222
Argentina Argentina Ley de Sociedades Comerciales - Ley NÂș 19.550
Australia Australia Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997
  Australia Companies Act Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997
Bahamas Bahamas Companies Act Bahamas IBC Act 309
  Bahamas Bahamas IBC Act 309
Barbados Barbados Companies Act International Business Companies Act - Chapter 77
  Barbados Companies Act Companies Act Cap 308
Belize Belize Companies Act The International Business Companies Act - Chapter 270
Bermuda Bermuda Companies Act Bermuda Companies Act 1981
  Bermuda Companies Act amends Bermuda Companies Amendment 2008
Brunei Brunei Companies Act Brunei Companies Act 1957 - amended 1988
  Brunei Companies Act International Business Companies Act 2000
BVI BVI Companies Act Business Companies Act 2004
  Brunei Companies Act BVI Business Companies (Amendment) Act 2015
  BVI Company Management Amendment Act 2006
Canada Canada Canada Business Corporations Act
  Canada Companies Act Canada Business Corporations Act
Cayman Islands Caymans Companies Act Companies Law (2010 Revision)
Cook Islands Cook Islands Companies Act International Companies Act 1981-82 2005 Consolidation
Costa Rica Costa Rica Companies Act Commercial Code 3284
Cyprus Cyprus Companies Act The Companies Law - Chapter 113
Czech Republic Czech Republic Law on Commercial Corporations - Law No. 90/2012
Denmark Denmark Companies Act The Danish Companies Act
  Denmark The Danish Act on Undertakings Carrying on Business for Profit
  Denmark The Danish Private Companies Act
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Companies Act Commercial Corporations and Sole Proprietorship Companies Law No.479-08
Estonia Estonia Companies Act Commercial Code
  Estonia Commercial Code
Germany Germany Companies Act Gesetz betreffend die Gesellschaften mit beschränkter Haftung
Gibraltar Gibraltar Companies Act Companies Act 2014
  Gibraltar Companies Act Companies Rules
Greece Greece Companies Act IKE Private Company 4072 law
Guernsey Guernsey Companies Act Companies Guernsey Law 2008
  Guernsey Companies Act Companies Guernsey Law 2008
Hong Kong  Hong Kong Companies Act Companies Ordinance
Isle of Man Isle of Man Companies Act Companies Act 2006
  Isle of Man LLC Companies Act Limited Liability Companies Act 1996
Ireland Ireland Companies Act Beneficial Ownership of Corporate Entities 2016 SI 560.pdf
Liberia Liberia Companies Act Registered Business Company Law Act - Chapter 70
  Liberia Companies Act Business Corporation Act Title 5
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Companies Act Abanderung des Personen Und
  Liechtenstein Companies Act Das Recht der Personlichkeit
Luxembourg Luxembourg Companies Act Art 1-49
Malaysia Malaysia Companies Act Offshore Companies Act 441
Malta Malta Companies Act Companies Act Cap 386
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands Companies Act Associations Law 2010
Mauritius Mauritius Companies Act Companies Act 2001
  Mauritius Companies Act Guide to the Companies Act 2001
  Mauritius Financial Services Act Financial Services Act 2007
New Zealand New Zealand Companies Act Companies Act 1993 No 105
  Companies Act 1993 No 105 Companies Act 1993 No 105
Panama Panama Companies Act Panama Corporation Laws
Philippines Phillippines Companies Act The Corporation Code of the Philippines
  hilppines Investment Act Foreign Investments Act of 1991
Romania Romania Companies Act Company Law 1990
St Kitts & Nevis St Kitts Companies Act Companies Act 1996
  St Kitts Companies Act Nevis Business Corporation Ordinance 1984
  St Kitts Companies Act Nevis Business Corporation Ordinance 2009
  St Kitts Companies Act Nevis Limited Liability Company Ordinance 1995
  St Kitts Companies Act Nevis Limited Liability Company Ordinance 2009
Saint Vincent St Vincent Companies Act International Business Companies Act 2007
Seychelles Seychelles Companies Act International Business Companies Act 1994
  Seychelles Companies Act International Business Companies Act 1994
  Seychelles Companies Act Financial Services Authority Act 2013
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Companies Act Companies Act 2009
Singapore Singapore Companies Act Companies Act
South Africa South Africa Companies Act Companies Act 71 of 2008
  South Africa Companies Act Companies Act 71 of 2008 Guide
South Korea South Korea Company Act Commercial Act
  South Korea Company Act Foreign Investment Promotion Act
Spain Spain Company Act Real Decreto Legislativo 1/2010
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad Company Act Companies Act
Turkey Turkey Company Act 140 Soruda TTK
Turks and Caicos Turks and Caicos Companies Act Companies Ordinance
UK UK Companies Act 2006 Companies Act 2006
  UK Companies Act 2006 Companies Act 2006 notes
  UK Companies Act Companies Act 2006 - Chapter 46
  uk llp act 2000 Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2000
  uk llp act 2000 Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2000 - notes
  Money Laundering Money Laundering Regulations 2007
  UK Articles Ltd Model Articles for Private Limited Company
  UK Articles Plc Model Articles for Public Limited Company
  UK Articles Guarantee Model Articles for Company Limited by Guarantee
  Small Business Enterprise Small Business Enterprise and Employment Act 2015
UAE UAE Companies Act Companies Law DIFC Law No: 2 of 2009
  UAE Companies Act Companies Regulations 2009
  UAE Companies Act Federal Law No 8 of 1984
  UAE Company Law Federal Law No 8 of 1984
USA USA Companies Act Model Business Corporation Act
  USA Corporation Act Model Business Corporation Act - excerpts
USA - Delaware Delaware General Corp Law Delaware General Corporation Law
  Delaware Franchise Tax Delaware Corporation Franchise Tax
  Delaware LLC Delaware Limited Liability Company Act
USA - Florida Florida Business Corp Act Florida Business Corporation Act
USA - Nevada Nevada Private Corporations Nevada Private Corporations 78
USA - Wyoming Wyoming Business CorpAct Wyoming Business Corporation Act
Vanuatu International Companies Act International Companies Act - Chapter 222
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